Yaluzangbu River

Spring in Yaluzengbu River
The Yarlung Zangbo River is seen as the "cradle" and "mother river" of the Tibetan people. Together with its five main tributaries, the Yarlung Zangbo River has become one of the fascinations for tourists to Tibet.

AS the biggest river in Tibet, Yarlung Zangbo is also on the highest altitude among all the world's large rivers. Originated from the Gyima Yangzoin Glacier on the northern slope of the Himalayas, Yarlung Zangbo crosses Xigaze, Lhasa, Shannan, Nyingchi and 23 counties under these cities. The river is 2057 kilometers long inside China, covering a drainage area of 240000square kilometers. Crossing the border at me dog County, the river is called Brahmaputra and flows into the Indian Ocean after travelling across India and Bangladesh. The upper reaches of the river located in the Frigid Zone above Xigaze have seldom seen any tourists due to the Quxu River Bridge, the road winds along the river, allowing visitor to gain a good view. Going east of the Quxu River Bridge, the river grows broad and slower until Gyacha. This is one of the hottest travel routes in Tibet with tranquil pasture scenery.

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Autumn in Yaluzangbu River
At 95 degrees east longitude and 29 degrees north latitude on the border between Main ling and me dog counties, the Namjagbarwa peak, highest peak on the range of the Himalayas, stands on the way of the Yarlung Zangbo River and forces it to make a U turn abruptly. To the south of the 7782-metre Namjagbarwa Peak sands the 7151-metre Gyailhabelai Peak. On the northern bank of the Yarlung Zangbo River, the top of Gyailhabelai is over 5000 meters taller than the river valley. The narrowest point at the river valley is less than 80 meters. It seems that some prehistoric giant had cut open the mountains to let out the surging river.

Raining Season in Yangluzhangbu River
In 1994, Chinese scientists carried out an extensive survey in the great canyon. With comprehensive findings, they prove that this is the world's biggest canyon. According to the statistics issued by the State Survey Bureau, the canyon starts from the Daduka Village (2880 meters above sea level) of the Mailing County in the north, and ends at the Bacoka Village (115 meters above sea level) of the Medog County. With a total length of 5046 kilometers, the canyon is 6009 meters at the deepest point, with an average depth of 2268 meters. These figures provide indisputable evidence that this is the biggest canyon in the world. In the past, the Grand Canyon of Colorado (1800-metre deep, 440-kilometre long) in the United States, and the Colca Canyon in Peru (3,203 meter deep) had been listed as the world's biggest canyons. But neither of them can compare with the canyon on the Yarlung Zangbo River. The discovery excited the whole world and international scientists called it the most important geological find of the 20th century. This discovery was scientists. In the 20 years before 1994, many Chinese scientists had entered the region gore eight major explorations.
In September 1998, the State Council of the People's Republic of China formally authorized the scientific name of the canyon: Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon (or the Yarlung Zangbo Daxiagu).
Yaluzangbu Valley
Scientific explorations prove that the grand canyon of Yarlung Angbo Rivers contained the world's richest treasure of bio-diversity. It is no exaggeration to call it a "natural museum of plant lives," and a "gene treasure of bio-resources." As the Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon lies on the northeastern corner of the India-Eurasia Plate Collision Zone, the region features multiple geological phenomena which comprise a rare "geological museum".

The Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon is endowed with magical charm, unique environment and rich natural resources, which are precious heritage for both the Chinese people and the whole world. Hidden in the depth of southeastern Tibet, the area is primitive forest, gorgeous mountains and valleys are seldom visited. This is a heaven for explorers, scientists and photographers.